Lecture 6 - Spectroscopic and Eclipsing Binaries (1/28/99)
Binaries I --- | ---
Chapter 12 (ZG4)
pages 20 - 23
Artists conception of an X-ray binary star. The two
stars are so close together that the larger star spills over onto the
white dwarf companion, which gets heated and emits X-rays.
||How can you measure the radius
of a distant star?
||Mass Function for Binary Stars
||Determine densities and radii of
Sirius A & B.
- Spectroscopic Binaries
- What is a Dopper shift?
- How do you find radial velocity from the observed wavelengths of
- What is the radial velocity corresponding to a 1 Angstrom shift at
5000 Angstroms rest wavelength?
- What is the shift corresponding to a 1 km/s radial velocity at
- What is the resolving power of a high resolution spectrograph
needed to measure radial velocities with < 1 km/s accuracy?
- What is the orbital velocity of the Earth around the Sun?
- What is the orbital velocity of the Sun induced by Jupiter?
- What is a double-line spectroscopic binary?
- What role does the inclination of the orbit play in the observed
- How do you find the masses from a double-line binary?
- What is a single-line spectroscopic binary?
- What is the mass function for a binary star?
- How do you find the mass function of a single line binary?
- What is the significance of the mass function, given that the total
mass and the inclination are unknown?
- What effect do orbital eccentricity and inclination have on the
observed velocity curves?
- Eclipsing Binaries
- What is the likely inclination and/or separation of an eclipsing
- How do you recognize an eclipsing binary system?
- What are the times of 1st - 4th contact?
- How do you find the radii of the stars from the light curves?
- How are the depths of the eclipses related to the temperatures
of the stars? Why?
- If the eclipsing binary is also spectroscopic, what additional
information can be learned?
- Example (see homework 1):
Sirius A & B - Radii and Densities
- System Data II -
|Bolometric Magnitude (Sirius A):|| +1.33 |
|Bolometric Magnitude (Sirius B):|| +8.57 |
|Bolometric Magnitude (Sun):|| +4.76 |
|Effective Temperature (Sirius A) || 9200 K |
|Effective Temperature (Sirius B) || 27000 K |
|Effective Temperature (Sun) || 5770 K |
- What are the luminosities of Sirius A & B in Lsun?
- What are the radii of Sirius A & B?
- What are the mean densities of Sirius A & B?
- Where on the H-R diagram do Sirius A & B lie?
- What stellar classifications would you give to Sirius A & B?
The Doppler Effect
The Doppler effect:
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Steven T. Myers