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Much of the movie "Contact" was filmed at the NRAO's Very Large Array. Like many movies it was a mixture of fact and fiction. The SETI Institute, who's purpose is to carry out the scientific search for extraterrestial signals has written a nice summary of what is real and what isn't in "Contact."

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Ellie at the VLA
"Contact" the Movie
Ellie's search is real. But we don't use head phones.
Ellie Arroway (Jodie Foster), the heroine of the movie "Contact," finds an alien broadcast in much the same way that Project Phoenix operates. Phoenix is searching for signals from the directions of about 1,000 nearby, sun-like stars. There are other SETI experiments underway, but Project Phoenix is the only systematic targeted search of individual stars, the type of search conducted in the movie.
Jill Tarter
Much as in the movie, Project Phoenix's director is a female, Ph.D. astronomer named Jill Tarter. However, Jodie Foster's character Ellie is not directly based on Jill. "Carl Sagan wrote a book about a woman who does what I do, not about me," explains Tarter. "He did his homework, and thus included many of the `character-building' experiences that are common to women scientists studying and working in a male-dominated profession, so Ellie seems very familiar to me. "
Kent Cullers
Another reality-inspired character in the movie is the blind researcher, Kent Clark. The Project Manager of Project Phoenix, and the leader of its signal detection team is a blind Ph.D. physicist named Kent Cullers. According to Cullers, "An early version of the screenplay included a small part for which I was judged competent enough to play myself. However, as the part expanded, it required the skills of a real actor."
Ellie and Arecibo
Science Fact and Science Fiction
How well did the movie stand up to real SETI science?
Movie Version Reality Check
Detection of a radio signal from an extraterrestrial technological civilization is made at the Very Large Array (VLA), in New Mexico, after Ellie's experiment in Arecibo, Puerto Rico, is shut down by myopic bureaucrats. Despite having 27 antennas, the VLA is four times smaller in collecting area than Arecibo. It is therefore less sensitive, and less suitable for SETI. In addition, use of the VLA would require 27 copies of our receiving system, a formidably expensive proposition! Of course, there's no denying that the VLA is very photogenic.
When her SETI project is shut down, Ellie turns to a Howard Hughes-like private donor to continue the search. When Senator Richard Bryan of Nevada amended the NASA appropriation bill of 1994 to kill SETI, the SETI Institute had to seek private funding. Today the SETI Institute is actively involved in trying to establish a $100 million endowment to ensure that the searching can continue as long as necessary. You can help.
Ellie detects aliens on the airwaves while listening with earphones. Project Phoenix examines 28 million channels simultaneously. We can't afford that many earphones, let alone the graduate students required to listen. Instead, computers scan for signals, and only alert the astronomers when interesting ones appear.
When Ellie stylishly suits up for the White House press conference (only to be upstaged by Drumlin), she is wearing an attractive blue and white pin with a telescope logo. In fact, Ellie is wearing one of our SETI Institute pins. Those of you with really good eyesight may have seen the NASA HRMS pin in the lapel of Fish's suit during the Arecibo party scene. Thanks to Senator Bryan, those are no longer available.

Despite such minor quibbles, there's no doubt that "Contact" is indescribably more accurate in its depiction of SETI than any Hollywood film in history!

For Teachers!
Your students have been entertained and inspired by "Contact". Bring the excitement of the real science of SETI into your classroom with the Life in the Universe Series of teachers guides .

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